AltanaESP Glossary

Purpose, structure and Usage of the A-Z Glossary

Empty pockets never held anyone back. Only empty heads and empty hearts can do that. ~ Norman Vincent Peale ~

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Approved 01 January, 2021 @ 4:57pm by Jan Viljoen (version: 5)


Click for additional informationTemperament can be regarded as the foundation of our personality, generally assumed   to be biologically determined (i.e. nature), presents itself early in life and is moulded or sculpted by the environmentplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigEducational, social, cultural, civilization and communal constructs. within which we find ourselves and function (i.e. nurture). Temperament mainly include characteristics such as our energy level, emotional responsiveness, demeanor, mood, response tempo, behavioral inhibition and the willingness to explore. Thus, temperament can be defined as our basic constitutional pattern of how we prefer to sustain the balance between our reactions and responses within a similar range of observable characteristics.

Our temperament is the unique combination of our mental, physical, emotional and spiritual traits that makes us who we are… our natural or default predisposition towards life. Our unusual and unique personal attitude or nature as manifested by peculiarities of feeling, temper, action, …etc., often with a disinclination to unconditionally submit to conventional rules and restraints. Thus, temperament imply and reflects our…

  • attitude towards life,
  • complexion,
  • idiosyncrasy,
  • inclination,
  • individuality,
  • intellect,
  • mentality,
  • mood,
  • nature,
  • outlook,
  • quality,
  • spirit,
  • tendency,
  • capacity,
  • distinctiveness,
  • makeup,
  • peculiarity,
  • soul,
  • frame of mind and
  • inner nature.

Therefore, our temperament can be either expressed or described in terms of the following opposite scales

  • Adventurous - Timid
  • Calm - Nervous
  • Cheerful - Gloomy
  • Destitute - Prosperous
  • Eccentric - Conventional
  • Humorous - Dramatic
  • Jittery - Collected
  • Light-hearted - Heavy-hearted
  • Melancholy - Joyful
  • Mysterious - Predictable
  • Ominous - Sunny
  • Optimistic - Pessimistic
  • Peaceful - Agitated
  • Reflective - Ignorant
  • Stormy - Moderate
  • Tense - Tranquil
  • Uptight - Composed